Instead of incarceration, the executive has chosen a curfew between 8 pm and 6 am across the country.
But in some departments, all located in the east of the country, the situation is worse than elsewhere.
The authorities have decided on an advanced curfew at 18.00. A choice based on several criteria.
1. prevalence in the general population
It reflects the circulation of the virus in a territory from PCR tests. It determines the number of positive people in the last 7 days among 100,000 inhabitants. He is known for D + 3.
The warning threshold for the curfew at 18.00 must exceed the threshold of 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Above 250 reaches the maximum threshold.
2. The incidence in the elderly
It determines the proportion of people who test positive among those over 65 years of age.
Thus, the total threshold may be less than 200, but if the incidence in the elderly exceeds 200, the advanced curfew can be decided.
Conversely, if the total rate is higher than 200, but that for the elderly much lower, the opposite decision can be made. People over the age of 65 represent 94% of deaths.
> See the map of incidence (general population) January 8 below:
> If the map is not displayed, click here
3. The degree of positivity
Definition: it measures the percentage of positive cases compared to the number of daily tests, and therefore makes it possible to establish a development of new pollutants that are registered daily.
There is no fixed threshold to know that since November it has fluctuated from 5% to 20%. It is currently 6.3% in the country. However, health authorities may add it as a criterion for incidence. Thus, Drôme will switch to a curfew at 18.00 because the frequency of 9.4% exceeds the regional average (6%).
4. Number of current hospital admissions
Definition: reduction or increase in hospital admissions for several days necessarily reflects the state of circulation of the virus with a delay of one week.
There is no national threshold, neither in absolute value nor in percentage, because the capacity of beds and the number of hospitals locally and in nearby wards varies considerably from one region, from one ward to another.
The fact remains that an occupancy of more than 50% of the capacity of covid patients, in the middle of winter, is considered to be of concern. This is the case today, and this number is largely exceeded in many departments.
5. Discussion with local elected representatives
It allows you to add criteria adapted to the territory: population density, border aspects, high number of serious cases, social situation, specific activities.
In Marseille, the prefect justified the progress of the curfew with the presence of a cluster of 23 people, who would be affected by the English variant. This was in addition to a high incidence in contrast to the Bayonne cluster which was observed on 3 January in a sector where the virus circulates very little.
All these more subjective criteria mean that certain departments with poor numbers have not changed (Haute-Savoie, Yonne) or received a 48-hour stay (Drôme and Var).